AIOU Solved Assignment 2 Code 3608 Spring 2020

AIOU Solved Assignments code M.A/M.Ed 3608 Spring 2020 Assignment 2  Course: Physical Handicaps—II (3608) Spring 2020. AIOU past papers

ASSIGNMENT No:  2
Physical Handicaps—II (3608) MA/M.Ed  2 Years
Spring, 2020

AIOU Solved Assignment 2 Code 3608 Spring 2020

Q.1 Describe different types of Mobility Aid available for the locomotion of Physical handicaps in Pakistan.       (20)

Everyone learns by different means. What works for one person may not work for another. This is never more true than with someone who has a disability. Disabilities come in many forms, from being deaf, mute or blind to having cognitive or attention deficits. Although a person may have a disability, this doesn’t stop him from being able to learn. There are many disability aids that have been developed to help people overcome their disability and learn new skills.

A mobility aid is a device designed to assist walking or otherwise improve the mobility of people with a mobility impairment.

There are various walking aids which can help with impaired ability to walk and wheelchairs or mobility scooters for more severe disability or longer journeys which would otherwise be undertaken on foot. For people who are blind or visually impaired the white cane and guide dog have a long history of use. Other aids can help with mobility or transfer within a building or where there are changes of level. Traditionally the phrase “mobility aid” has applied mainly to low technology mechanical devices. The term also appears in government documents, for example dealing with tax concessions of various kinds. It refers to those devices whose use enables a freedom of movement similar to that of unassisted walking or standing up from a chair. Technical advances can be expected to increase the scope of these devices considerably, for example by use of sensors and audio or tactile feedback.

Walker Cane Hybrid

A walker cane hybrid was introduced in 2012 designed to bridge the gap between a cane and a walker. The hybrid has two legs which provide lateral (side-to-side) support which a cane does not. It can be used with two hands in front of the user, similar to a walker, and provides an increased level of support compared with a cane. It can be adjusted for use with either one or two hands, at the front and at the side, as well as a stair climbing assistant. The hybrid is not designed to replace a walker which normally has four legs and provides 4-way support using both hands.

Gait Trainers

Another device to assist walking that has entered the market in recent years is the gait trainer. This is a mobility aid that is more supportive than the standard walker. It typically offers support that assists weight-bearing and balance. The accessories or product parts that attach to the product frame provide unweighting support and postural alignment to enable walking practice.

Wheelchairs and Scooters

Wheelchairs and mobility scooters substitute for walking by providing a wheeled device on which the user sits. Wheelchairs may be either manually propelled (by the user or by an aide) or electrically powered (commonly known as a “powerchair”). Mobility scooters are electrically powered, as are motorized wheelchairs. Wheelchairs and Scooters are normally recommended for any individual due to significant mobility/balance impairement. A Registered Occupational Therapist or Physiotherapist( few cases) are able to provide object and clinical testing to ensure proper and safe device recommendations.

Canes, crutches, and forearm crutch combinations

Devices on the market today include a number of combinations for Canes, Crutches and Forearm
crutches. These crutches have bands that encircle the upper arms and handles for the patient to hold
and rest their hands to support the body weight. The Forearm crutch typically gives a user the support

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AIOU Solved Assignment 2 Code 3608 Spring 2020

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