AIOU Solved Assignments code MSc 4654 Spring 2020 Assignment 2 Course: Pakistani Perspectives of Gender Studies Spring 2020. AIOU past papers
ASSIGNMENT No: 2
Pakistani Perspectives of Gender Studies (4654) MSc (2 Years)
AIOU Solved Assignment 2 Code 4644 Spring 2020
Q 1. What new international commitments were put forward for women by the Beijing Forum? Discuss in context of gender mainstreaming. (20)
The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action were adopted by consensus on 15 September 1995. The Declaration embodies the commitment of the international community to the advancement of women and to the implementation of the Platform for Action, ensuring that a gender perspective is reflected in all policies and programmes at the national, regional and international levels. The Platform for Action sets out measures for national and international action for the advancement of women over the five years until 2000.
If implemented, the Platform for Action will enhance the social, economic and political empowerment of women, improve their health and their access to relevant education and promote their reproductive rights. The action plan sets time-specific targets, committing nations to carry out concrete actions in such areas as health, education, decision-making and legal reforms with the ultimate goal of eliminating all forms of discrimination against women in both public and private life.
Cross-cutting issues of equality
The Conference, which brought together almost 50,000 men and women, focused on the cross-cutting issues of equality, development and peace, and analyzed them from a gender perspective. It emphasized the crucial links between the advancement of women and the progress for society as a whole. It reaffirmed clearly that societal issues must be addressed from a gender perspective in order to ensure sustainable development.
The overriding message of the Fourth World Conference on Women was that the issues addressed in the Platform for Action are global and universal. Deeply entrenched attitudes and practices perpetuate inequality and discrimination against women, in public and private life, in all parts of the world. Accordingly, implementation requires changes in values, attitudes, practices and priorities at all levels. The Conference signaled a clear commitment to international norms and standards of equality between men and women; that measures to protect and promote the human rights of women and girl-children as an integral part of universal human rights must underlie all action; and that institutions at all levels must be reoriented to expedite implementation. Governments and the UN agreed to promote the “mainstreaming” of a gender perspective in policies and programmes.
Other Advances That Were Made in the Platform
Women’s rights as human rights: The Platform takes the 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, which recognizes violence against women as a human rights problem, one step further by asserting women’s right “to have control over and decide freely and responsibly on matters related to their sexuality, including sexual and reproductive health, free of coercion, discrimination and violence”.
Right to inherit: Traditional legal structures in many societies discriminate against women inheriting land and property. The Platform calls for a change in these structures by “enacting as appropriate, and enforcing legislation that guarantees equal rights to succession and ensures equal right to inherit, regardless of the sex of the child”.
Reviewing laws on illegal abortion: The Platform asks nations to “consider reviewing laws containing punitive measures against women who have undergone illegal abortion. Role of the family: The Platform points out the importance of the family as the basic unit of society and recognizes the “social significance of maternity, motherhood and the role of parents in the family and in the upbringing of children”. Furthermore, it notes that maternity should not impede the full participation of women in society.
Check Also: AIOU