AIOU Solved Assignments code MSc 4688 Spring 2020 Assignment 1& 2 Course:Methods of Social Research (4688) Spring 2020. AIOU past papers
ASSIGNMENT No: 1& 2
Methods of Social Research (4688) MSc (2 Years)
AIOU Solved Assignment 1& 2 Code 4688 Spring 2020
0.1 “The function of a research design is to ensure that the evidence obtained enables
you to effectively address the research problem logically and as unambiguously as possible” Discuss. (25)
The term “research design” refers to how a researcher puts a research study together to answer a question or a set of questions. Research design works as a systematic plan outlining the study, the researchers’ methods of compilation, details on how the study will arrive at its conclusions and the limitations of the research. Research design is not limited to a particular type of research and may incorporate both quantitative and qualitative analysis. When defining research design to an audience, there are a few things you will need to make clear, while avoiding the use of scientific terms that may lose your audience.
Purpose and descriptive method of research design:
The descriptive method of research design helps researchers plan and carry out descriptive studies, designed to provide rich descriptive details about people, places and other phenomena. This type of research is often associated with anthropology, sociology and psychology, but researchers in other fields, such as education, use it. The descriptive method often involves extensive observation and note-taking, as well as in-depth narrative. Because it does not lend itself to in-depth analysis or hypothesis testing, some researchers regard the descriptive method as unscientific. However, a descriptive research design can serve as a first step that identifies important factors, laying a foundation for more-rigorous research.
Subject or phenomenon:
Identify the subject or phenomenon you wish to study and make sure it is appropriate for a descriptive design. Descriptive research design aims to observe and describe a subject without affecting its normal actions. Examples include an anthropologist who wants to study members of a tribe in another culture without affecting their normal behavior or an education researcher who wants to describe a new instructional method for teaching math to students at risk of dropping out.
Decide on the type of descriptive research design that will be most appropriate for your study. The most basic type is the single-subject case study, an in-depth narrative that contains extensive details and description of the subject observed. Another type of descriptive design is a comparative study, in which a researcher describes two or more sets of subjects. For example, an education researcher may want to study the implementation of a new instructional method by comparing its use in three different classrooms or three separate campuses. Good description provokes the – why’ questions of explanatory research. If we detect greater social polarization over the last 20 years (i.e. the rich are getting richer and the poor are getting poorer) we are forced to ask – Why is this happening?’ But before asking why?’ we must be sure about the fact and dimensions of the phenomenon of increasing polarization. It is all very well to develop elaborate theories as to why society might be more polarized now than in the recent past, but if the basic premise is wrong (i.e. society is not becoming more polarized) then attempts to explain a non-existent phenomenon are silly.
The way in which researchers develop research designs is fundamentally affected by whether the research question is descriptive or explanatory. It affects what information is collected. For example, if we want to explain why some people are more likely to be apprehended and convicted of crimes we need to have hunches about why this is so. We may have many possibly incompatible hunches and will need to collect information that enables us to see which hunches work best empirically.
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