AIOU Solved Assignments code MSc 4696 Spring 2020 Assignment 2 Course: Introduction to Social Works: Methods in Social Work (4696) Spring 2020. AIOU past papers
ASSIGNMENT No: 2
Introduction to Social Works: Methods in Social Work (4696) MSc (2 Years)
AIOU Solved Assignment 2 Code 4696 Spring 2020
Q.1 Discuss basic principles of social group work. Also elaborate the importance of group work in detail. (25)
Social Group work is a form of voluntary association of members benefiting from cooperative learning that enhances the total output of the activity than when done individually. It aims to cater for individual differences, develop skills (e.g. communication skills, collaborative skills, critical thinking skills), generic knowledge and socially acceptable attitudes or to generate conforming standards of behavior and judgment, a “group mind”.
Specifically in psychotherapy and social work, “group work” refers to group therapy, offered by a practitioner trained in psychotherapy, psychoanalysis, counseling or other relevant discipline. The field of Social work includes all voluntary attempts to extend benefits in response to a bio-psycho-social needs and avails them through scientific knowledge and structured methods.
There are six approaches in Social Work:
Social Case work
Social Group work
Community organization and Systems approach
> Social Welfare administration and Social Legislation’s Social Research and Social Policy Analysis
Social Change and Social Action
Social group work is a method of social work that helps persons to enhance their social functioning through purposeful group experiences and to cope more effectively with their personal, group or community problems.
Social group work, is a primary modality of social work in bringing about positive change, it is defined as an educational process emphasizing the development and social adjustment of an individual through voluntary association and use of this association as a means of furthering socially desirable end. It is a psycho social process which is concerned in developing leadership and cooperation with building on the interests of the group for a social purpose. Social group work is a method through which individuals in groups in social agency setting are helped by a worker who guides their interaction through group activities so that they may relate to others and experience growth opportunities in accordance with their needs and capacities to the individual, group and community development. It aims at the development of persons through the interplay of personalities in group situation and at the creation of such group situation as provide for integrated, cooperative group action for common ends. It is also a process and a method through which group life is affected by worker who consciously directs the interacting process towards the accomplishment of goals which are conceived in a democratic frame of reference. Its distinct characteristics lies in the fact that group work is used with group experience as a means of individual growth and development, and that the group worker is concerned in developing social responsibility and active citizenship for the improvement of democratic society. Group work is a way to serving individual within and through small face to face group in order to bring about the desired change among the client participants.
There are four models in social group work:
Remedial model — Remedial model focuses on the individuals dysfunction and utilizes the group as a context and means for altering deviant behaviour.
Reciprocal or Mediating model – A model based on open systems theory, humanistic psychology and existential perspective. Relationship rooted in reciprocal transactions and intensive commitment is considered critical in this model.
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