AIOU Solved Assignments code MSc 4697 Spring 2020 Assignment 1& 2 Course:Fields of Social Work (4697) Spring 2020. AIOU past papers
ASSIGNMENT No: 1& 2
Fields of Social Work (4697) MSc (2 Years)
AIOU Solved Assignment 1& 2 Code 4697 Spring 2020
Q.1 Define the concept of community development. Discuss in detail its process. (25)
Many experts believe that all communities move through identifiable stages, or phases. As you consider the information offered below, take a moment to think about the stage, or stages, that your communities are in.
A community is a collection of people with a common interest. The collection may be as small as two people or as large as the planet. The common interest might be social, geographic, work-related, religious or any other interest. Most people think of a geographic interest when the term community development is mentioned. In other words, community usually refers to place. The place may be a neighborhood, a town or part of a large city. The people and the physical surroundings make up the community. In this column, we will examine the stages of community development more in terms of the people in the community.
the following five phases of community development:
Phase 1, Excitement — Getting high on possibilities;
Phase 2, Autonomy — Jockeying for power;
Phase 3, Stability — Settling into roles and structures;
Phase 4, Synergy — Allowing self and group to mutually unfold; and Phase 5, Transformation — Expanding, segmenting or disbanding.
While these phases are applicable to groups in general, my comments will be from the perspective of one who is often asked to facilitate groups that have expressed a desire to come together for the purpose of planning the future. For whatever reason, a community decides that it wants to change. It is in effect saying, “We are ready to build a new community.” That is the essence of the first phase. People are excited. They dream of the possibilities. They come up with a plan and a vision for their community.
In Phase Two the power-grabbing begins. This happens when some members of the community realize that other members are not what they said they were or not what they were believed to be. The community becomes no longer unified. Some members become angry, disillusioned and disappointed. They will either try to change the other member, or members, to what they thought they should be, or they will unconsciously retaliate. While this sounds negative, it is an important part of the process because this is where leaders emerge and where some fundamental issues begin to get resolved. This is where open communication and paying attention to individual and group needs results in moving to the next phase.
Criticism of the community
Phase Three is one where individuals can say what they feel, and feel like they are being heard. Criticism of the community is tolerated and considered healthy. Roles have been defined, and with luck community members are in the roles that bring out their individual highest and best use while making the most valuable contribution to the community. It is the phase when someone will say, “Let’s call on Jane for that task because she does it better than anyone else.”
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