AIOU Solved Assignments code M.A/M.ed 831 Spring 2020 Assignment 2 Course: Foundation of Education (831) Spring 2020. AIOU past papers
ASSIGNMENT No. 2 Foundation of Education (831) M.A/M.ed 1.5 Years
AIOU Solved Assignment 2 Code 831 Spring 2020
Q. 1 Write a detailed note on cognitive domain of Bloom Taxonomy of educational objectives.
There are three main domains of learning and all teachers should know about them and use them to construct lessons. These domains are cognitive (thinking), affective (emotion/feeling), and psychomotor (physical/kinesthetic). Each domain on this page has a taxonomy associated with it. Taxonomy is simply a word for a classification. All of the taxonomies below are arranged so that they proceed from the simplest to more complex levels.
The domains of learning were first developed and described between 1956-1972. The ones discussed here are usually attributed to their primary author, even though the actual development may have had more authors in its formal, complete citation (see full citations below). Some web references attribute all of the domains to Benjamin Bloom which is simply not true. While Bloom was involved in describing both the cognitive and the affective domains, he appeared as first author on the cognitive domain. As a result this bore his name for years and was commonly known among educators as Bloom’s Taxonomy even though his colleague David Krathwohl also a partner on the 1956 publication. When publishing the description of the affective domain in 1964 Krathwohl was named as first author, but Bloom also worked on developing this work. Krathwohl’s involvement in the development of the cognitive domain will be become important when you look at the authors of the 2001 revisions to this taxonomy.
Dr. Benjamin Bloom and his team of researchers identified three domains of learning. The learning domains are cognitive, affective, and psychomotor. The cognitive domain is where intellect is developed. Within the cognitive domain, students process new information, store knowledge, and retrieve it to apply to new circumstances. The affective domain yields emotions, values, and attitudes. Student motivation and engagement are tied to the affective domain. The psychomotor domain governs motor skill development. All activities within the psychomotor domain improve fine motor, gross motor, or perceptual skills. Dr. Bloom further developed stages of learning for the cognitive and affective domains, but left the psychomotor domain to be explored by other theorists. Let’s learn more about the learning stages within the cognitive and affective domains, as well as assessment strategies for each.
Dr. Bloom has developed a hierarchy of cognitive skills that guides teachers as they move students to more rigorous thinking.
- The first level is recalling While there is a certain amount of remembering facts that students need in order to develop schema, teachers should be careful not to limit students to low-level skills. The majority of instructional time should be spent working in higher cognitive levels.
- The second level is comprehension. Summarizing what has been learned is a level-two skill.
- The third level requires students to apply information they have learned. Applying information may include making classifications or teaching others what they have learned.
- The fourth level is analysis, which involves making inferences and drawing conclusions. Students at this level compare and contrast two elements within the learning experience and further investigate a
- The fifth level is synthesis, which includes developing or creating a new product. The fifth level is evaluation in which students are able to critique others or defend a position through debate.