AIOU Solved Assignments code M.A/M.ed 840 Spring 2020 Assignment 2 Course: Education psychology (840) Spring 2020. AIOU past papers
ASSIGNMENT No. 2
Education psychology (840) M.A/M.ed 1.5 Years
AIOU Solved Assignment 2 Code 840 Spring 2020
Q 1. Discuss educational implications of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Also differentiate between primary and secondary.
Why is it that when some of our needs aren’t met, it’s almost impossible to concentrate on other ones? Psychologist Abraham Maslow spent his career looking for these answers. Watch this lesson to learn about some of his most important conclusions.
What Motivates Us? Have you ever thought about what motivates you? Why do we get up and go to work or school? Why do we hang out with our friends? Why do schools provide recess or employers provide paid vacation days? The answers to these questions can be found within the study of motivation and more specifically, needs. Some psychologists say motivation is driven by unsatisfied needs. Needs like food, shelter, happiness, and recognition. Understanding which needs are crucial and how these needs affect people’s behavior is important to know. Teachers, leaders, businesses…everyone needs to be aware of needs.
Abraham Maslow In the 1950s, a psychologist by the name of Abraham Maslow developed a theory called the hierarchy of needs. Maslow was one of the founders of humanistic psychology, which emphasizes the individual’s potential and stresses the importance of growth and self-actualization. Maslow’s theory grew out of his interest in developing a psychology that was not based in clinical studies but rather focused on normal human growth and development. Maslow developed a list that classified all needs into five general groups, and most importantly, he asserted that there was a hierarchy of these five groups of needs in terms of their importance for human development. The higher needs at the top of the hierarchy were most important for the development of personality; however, these higher needs could not be satisfied until the lower needs, or deficiency needs, such as the physiological needs and safety needs were satisfied. If two different needs were in conflict, the lower need would dominate. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is crucial for the motivation and success of all humans. Within a school, these needs must be met for both students and teachers. One way to meet these level for teachers is through the use of Professional Learning Communities (PLCs). Read on to learn about how PLCs can help educators reach all levels of the hierarchy.
Maslow and PLCs Abraham Maslow provides a list of 5 needs that must be met in order for a person to thrive. Within this hierarchy, the lower levels must be met before the higher ones can be achieved. The hierarchy (from low to high) is as follows: physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, self-actualization. In PLCs, or collaborative meetings of educators, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs can be met if PLCs are used effectively.
Physiological Physiological needs are the most basic of human requirements, such as food, water, shelter, and rest. In order to fulfill these needs in a PLC, educators need to consider the physical space they are in and their own requirements. For example, a PLC should take place in a comfortable, well-lit location where the educators have access to food and water if necessary. Ms. Smith’s PLC is held in an office in the guidance department. There are eight members in her PLC but the office only has five chairs and does not comfortably hold everyone. Therefore, Ms. Smith’s